My deepest thanks and gratitude go to my New York University advisor Prof. Pepe Karmel, and to Prof. Milla Riggio, my advisor for many years, along with Dr. William Barnett, Prof. Jacquelyn Southern, and Prof. N. C. Christopher Couch from my former graduate studies at Trinity College in Hartford Connecticut.
My husband Abbas and my gifted son Nikos are mentioned last to underline their crucial support during my study at New York University.❤️👩🏻‍🎓

“In friendship or in love, the two side by side raise hands together to find what one cannot reach alone.”

Kahlil Gibran

Justice by Parvin Pooya


“The smart way to keep people passive and obedient is to strictly limit the spectrum of acceptable opinion, but allow very lively debate within that spectrum….”
Noam Chomsky


“We shouldn’t muddy the water.

A pigeon may drink it down the road

Or in a far away grove a starling may bathe
Or in the village, a jug may be filled.

We shouldn’t muddy the water.
This running water may feed a poplar and wash away sadness from a heavy heart.
A dervish may dip his dry bread in it.

A pretty woman may come to the river bank
We shouldn’t muddy the water
The beauty will be doubled.

What refreshing water!
What limpid river!

How pure the uptown people are
May their springs always boil and their cows always milk!
I have not seen their village.
But, no doubt, god walks along their wattles
The Moon, over there, lights the width of words
No doubt, uptown, the walls are short.
Their people know what a poppy is.
No doubt, over there, blue is blue.
The people know when a flower blooms.
What a village it would be!
May its garden alleys be filled with music!

The people from the head of the river know water.
They did not muddy it,
Neither should we.”

Sohrab Sepehri